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CSU 2/2011: WHO WEBSITES/ UPDATED TOP HITS OF 2010: COCHRANE MAKES THE TOP 10

Saturday, 1st of January 2011 Print
CSU 2/2011: WHO WEBSITES/ UPDATED GREATEST HITS OF 2010: COCHRANE MAKES THE TOP 10
  
1: WHO WEBSITES ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES
  
See below the bilingual list of WHO HQ websites on infectious diseases, reissued every year in the open access Weekly Epidemiological Record, www.who.int/wer
  
WHO web sites on infectious diseases/ Sites internet de l’OMS sur les maladies infectieuses

 

Avian influenza http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/en/ Grippe aviaire

 

Buruli ulcer http://www.who.int/gtb-buruli Ulcère de Buruli

 

Child and adolescent health and development http://www.who.int/child_adolescent_health/en/ Santé et développement des enfants et des adolescents

 

Cholera http://www.who.int/cholera/ Choléra

 

Deliberate use of biological and chemical agents http://www.who.int/csr/delibepidemics/

Usage délibéré d’agents chimiques et biologiques

 

Dengue (DengueNet) http://who.int/denguenet Dengue (DengueNet)

 

Epidemic and pandemic surveillance and response http://www.who.int/csr/en/ Alerte et action en cas d’épidémie et de pandémie

 

Eradication/elimination programmes http://www.who.int/infectious-disease-news/ Programmes d’éradication/élimination

 

Filariasis http://www.filariasis.org Filariose

 

Geographical information systems (GIS) http://www.who.int/csr/mapping/ Systèmes d’information géographique

 

Global atlas of infectious diseases http://globalatlas.who.int Atlas mondial des maladies infectieuses

 

Global Outbreak Alert and Response http://www.who.int/csr/outbreaknetwork/en/ Réseau mondial d’alerte et d’action en cas Network (GOARN) d’épidémie (GOARN)

 

Health topics http://www.who.int/topics La santé de A à Z

 

Influenza http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/en/ Grippe

 

Influenza network (FluNet) http://who.int/flunet Réseau grippe (FluNet)

 

International Health Regulations http://www.who.int/csr/ihr/en/ Règlement sanitaire international

 

International travel and health http://www.who.int/ith/ Voyages internationaux et santé

 

Intestinal parasites http://www.who.int/wormcontrol/ Parasites intestinaux

 

Leishmaniasis http://www.who.int/leishmaniasis Leishmaniose

 

Leprosy http://www.who.int/lep/ Lèpre

 

Lymphatic filariasis http://www.who.int/lymphatic_filariasis/en/ Filiariose lymphatique

 

Malaria http://www.who.int/malaria Paludisme

 

Neglected tropical diseases http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/en/ Maladies tropicales négligées

 

Outbreaks news http://www.who.int/csr/don Flambées d’épidémies

 

Poliomyelitis http://www.polioeradication.org/casecount.asp Poliomyélite

 

Rabies network (RABNET) http://www.who.int/rabies Réseau rage (RABNET)

 

Report on infectious diseases http://www.who.int/infectious-disease-report/ Rapport sur les maladies infectieuses

 

Salmonella surveillance network http://www.who.int/salmsurv Réseau de surveillance de la salmonellose

 

Smallpox http://www.who.int/csr/disease/smallpox/ Variole

 

Schistosomiasis http://www.schisto.org Schistosomiase

 

Tropical disease research http://www.who.int/tdr/ Recherche sur les maladies tropicales

 

Tuberculosis http://www.who.int/tb/ and/et http://www.stoptb.org Tuberculose

 

Vaccines http://www.who.int/immunization/en/ Vaccins

 

Weekly Epidemiological Record http://www.who.int/wer/ Relevé épidémiologique hebdomadaire

 

WHO Lyon Office for National Epidemic Bureau OMS de Lyon pour la préparation

Preparedness and Response http://www.who.int/csr/ihr/lyon/en/index.html et la réponse des pays aux épidémies

 

WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES) http://www.who.int/whopes Schéma OMS d’évaluation des pesticides (WHOPES)

 

WHO Mediterranean Centre Centre Méditerranéen de l’OMS pour

for Vulnerability Reduction, Tunis http://wmc.who.int/ la Réduction de la Vulnérabilité à Tunis (WMC)

 

Yellow fever http://www.who.int/csr/disease/yellowfev/en/ Fièvre jaune

 
 
2: UPDATED TOP HITS OF 2010
 
I think that many of my readers must be socked in under a blanket of snow; there is no other way to account for your voracious reading habits.
 
Scroll down to the bottom of the updated top ten, below and you will find, with 92 hits, 'COCHRANE REVIEW, INDOOR RESIDUAL SPRAYING FOR PREVENTING MALARIA.'
 
Many people think of the Cochrane Reviews, www.cochrane.org, as a guide to the best information in clinical medicine. This is partly true, but does not due justice to their role in epidemiology and public health. Here, from the Cochrane homepage, is a description of the Cochrane reviews. To see the Cochrane reviews which I have posted from time to time. go to the search box at www.childsurvival.net and type in 'Cochrane.'
 
Good browsing.
BD
 

Cochrane Reviews

What are Cochrane Reviews?

Cochrane Reviews are systematic reviews of primary research in human health care and health policy. They investigate the effects of interventions (literally meaning to intervene to modify an outcome) for prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. They also assess the accuracy of a diagnostic test for a given condition in a specific patient group and setting.

Each systematic review addresses a clearly formulated question; for example: Can antibiotics help in alleviating the symptoms of a sore throat? All the existing primary research on a topic that meets certain criteria is searched for and collated, and then assessed using stringent guidelines, to establish whether or not there is conclusive evidence about a specific treatment. The reviews are updated regularly, ensuring that treatment decisions can be based on the most up-to-date and reliable evidence.

“We care that you care enough to help us provide people all over the world, with a personal or professional interest in health care, with reliable information.”

- Sonja Henderson, Managing Editor of the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, Liverpool, UK


Cochrane Reviews are designed to facilitate the choices that practitioners, consumers, policy-makers and others face in health care. No other organisation matches the volume, scope and range of healthcare topics addressed by Cochrane Reviews.

As well as covering hundreds of medical conditions and diverse healthcare topics such as injury prevention and natural treatments, Cochrane Reviews have an international appeal through their global coverage of healthcare issues affecting people in all countries and contexts, including resource-poor settings, where it is vital to ensure that funds are used to maximum benefit.

Without Cochrane Reviews, people making decisions are unlikely to be able to access and make full use of existing healthcare research.

“To ensure that the work of The Cochrane Collaboration is relevant to low and middle-income countries it is essential that people from those countries actively participate.”

- Jimmy Volmink, Director of the South African Cochrane
Centre and Coordinator of the Cochrane Developing Countries Network, Tygerberg, South Africa

Why are Cochrane Reviews different?

 Cochrane Reviews are internationally recognised as the highest standard in evidence-based health care. Narrative reviews of healthcare research have existed for many decades, but are often not systematic. They may have been written by a recognised expert, but no one individual has the time to try to identify and bring together all relevant studies. Of more concern, an individual or company might actively seek to discuss and combine only the research which supports their opinions, prejudices or commercial interests. In contrast, a Cochrane Review circumvents this by using a predefined, rigorous and explicit methodology.

"Users of the medical literature should start paying more attention to the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [the database of Cochrane Reviews in The Cochrane Library], and less attention to some better known competitors"
Richard Horton, Editor of The Lancet, July 2010 

A Cochrane Review is a scientific investigation in itself, with a pre-planned Methods section and an assembly of original studies (predominantly randomised controlled trials and clinical controlled trials, but also sometimes, non-randomised observational studies) as their ‘subjects’. The results of these multiple primary investigations are synthesized by using strategies that limit bias and random error. These strategies include a comprehensive search of all potentially relevant studies and the use of explicit, reproducible criteria in the selection of studies for review. Primary research designs and study characteristics are appraised, data are synthesized, and results are interpreted.

“The Cochrane Collaboration has consistently involved consumers in its editorial processes, in the firm belief that the more consumers are involved, the more health services and research will grow in democracy, and will be tailored to people’s needs.”

- Silvana Simi, Consumer Coordinator for the Cochrane Multiple Sclerosis Group, Pisa, Italy


What is The Cochrane Library?

Cochrane Reviews are published in The Cochrane Library  ­– an online collection of databases that brings together in one place rigorous and up-to-date research on the effectiveness of healthcare treatments and interventions, as well as methodology and diagnostic tests.

There are over 4,000 Cochrane Reviews currently available in The Cochrane Library. As many as 2,000 protocols for Cochrane Reviews are also available, providing an explicit description of the research methods and objectives for Cochrane Reviews in progress.

The 2009 'Impact Factor' - a tool for ranking, evaluating and comparing journals - for the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (the CDSR), a database of The Cochrane Library, has recently been judged to have been 5.653. This places the CDSR 11th out of the 132 journals included in the ISI Medicine, General and Internal journal list. Read more about Impact Factor here.

Hundreds of newly completed Cochrane Reviews and protocols are added to The Cochrane Library every year. In addition, existing Cochrane Reviews are updated regularly as new information becomes available. This is particularly important in the rapidly changing healthcare environment.

When considering usage across all web platforms (including Wiley InterScience, cochrane.org, La Bibliotheca Cochrane Plus, Bireme, OVID and EBSCO), it is estimated that in 2009, there was a search on The Cochrane Library every 1 second, an abstract viewed every 2 seconds and a full text review downloaded every 3 seconds. See more usage data here.

Access The Cochrane Library here.

Thinking about our future

The Cochrane Collaboration is striving to ensure that its work is sustainable. Even with thousands of Cochrane Reviews either published or under way, there is still a large amount of work to be done.

The latest estimate is that at least 10,000 Cochrane Reviews are needed to cover all healthcare interventions that have already been investigated in controlled trials, and these reviews will need to be updated at the rate of 5000 per year.

If the growth in The Cochrane Collaboration continues at the pace of the last few years, this target will be reached within the next decade or so. However, this will require continuing and evolving partnership and collaboration. The Cochrane Collaboration will need to continue to attract and support the wide variety of people who contribute to its work.

“Just as that idealistic organization - the United Nations - views every citizen of the world as a member - I view each person as a member of an equally idealistic organization: The Cochrane Collaboration.”

- Robert Dellavalle, Review author and editor for the Cochrane Skin Group, Colorado, USA

CSU 9/2008: GLOBAL MEASLES UPDATE

157

CSU 14/2008: TWO ON MEASLES

154

CSU 13/2008: THREE ON MEASLES/READER FEEDBACK

153

CSU 5/2008: POLIO COMPARED TO MEASLES/ACPE PRESENTATION/WHO POLIO RESOLUTION

153

CHILD SURVIVAL UPDATE 32/2008: SEASONALITY AND THE PERSISTENCE AND INVASION OF MEASLES

150

CSU 20/2008: TWO ON MEASLES/BOOK REVIEW/READER FEEDBACK (2)

149

CSU 23/2008: DEWORMING/ MEASLES PRE-ELIMINATION GOAL

149

CSU 38/2008: FOOD STAMP IMPACT IN THE US/RESURGENT MEASLES IN THE US

149

CSU 76/2010: BOOK REVIEW OF 'A REALISTIC STRATEGY FOR FIGHTING MALARIA IN AFRICA'

93

CSU 98/2010: COCHRANE REVIEW, INDOOR RESIDUAL SPRAYING FOR PREVENTING MALARIA

92


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