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A care bundle including antenatal corticosteroids reduces preterm infant mortality in Tanzania a low resource country.

Tuesday, 13th of March 2018 Print

PLoS One. 2018 Mar 7;13(3):e0193146. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193146. eCollection 2018.

A care bundle including antenatal corticosteroids reduces preterm infant mortality in Tanzania a low resource country.

Excerpts below; full text is at http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0193146

 

FINDINGS:

NM was reduced 26% from 166 to 122/1000 livebirths (P = 0.005) and fresh stillbirths (FSB) 33% from 162/1000 to 111/1000 (p = 0.0002) Pre versus Post Implementation. Medications including combinations increased significantly at all sites (p<0.0001). By logistic regression, combinations of ACS, maternal and NA (odds ratio (OR) 0.33), ACS and NA (OR 0.30) versus no treatment were significantly associated with reduced NM. NM significantly decreased per 250g birthweight increase (OR 0.59), and per one week increase in EGA (OR 0.87). Moderate hypothermia declined pre versus post implementation (p<0.0001) and was two-fold more common in infants who died versus survivors.

INTERPRETATION:

A low-cost care bundle, ~$6 per patient, was associated with a significant reduction in NM and FSB rates. The former presumably by reducing respiratory morbidity with ACS and minimizing infections with antibiotics. If these findings can be replicated in other resource-limited settings, the potential for further reduction of <5 year mortality rates becomes enormous.

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