Biomedical and Behavioral Outcomes of Keep it up!: An eHealth HIV Prevention Program RCT

Monday, 2nd of July 2018 Print

Biomedical and Behavioral Outcomes of Keep it up!: An eHealth HIV Prevention Program RCT

https://www.ajpmonline.org/article/S0749-3797(18)31733-1/fulltext

From the abstract

Results

In 2017, data were analyzed from 445 (49%) participants randomized to the intervention and 456 (51%) to the control. Participants were primarily racial/ethnic minorities (63%). Sexually transmitted infections at Month 12 was 40% lower for intervention participants (risk ratio=0.60, 95% CI=0.38, 0.95, p=0.01). For the primary behavioral outcome, both arms showed reductions over time with 44% of control and 37% of intervention participants reporting condomless anal sex at Month 12 (prevalence ratio=0.83, 95% CI=0.70, 0.99, p=0.04).

Conclusions

The Keep It Up! intervention resulted in significantly lower sexually transmitted infection incidence and a small but significant decrease in condomless anal sex 12 months post-intervention relative to an online HIV knowledge condition. In addition, this study demonstrated the feasibility and acceptability of at-home sexually transmitted infection testing as part of an eHealth intervention.



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