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Polio in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Selected Citations

Tuesday, 28th of August 2018 Print

Polio in DRC: Selected Citations

The published literature on polio in DRC extends back to the period of the Belgian Congo. Herewith, a selection of items from recent years.

Items 1 covers the cVDPV outbreaks of 2017-2018. Items 11 and 12 cover the Type 2 cVDPV outbreaks of previous years.

Item 2 covers the determinants of routine immunization. Item 7 reviews AFP surveillance from previous years. Item 15  describes the phylogeny of imported and reestablished wild polioviruses.

Item 16 describes the use of Google Earth in public health planning and mapping.


Good reading.





1.  Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus Outbreaks and Events - Three Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017.

Alleman MM, Chitale R, Burns CC, Iber J, Dybdahl-Sissoko N, Chen Q, Van Koko DR, Ewetola R, Riziki Y, Kavunga-Membo H, Dah C, Andriamihantanirina R.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Mar 16;67(10):300-305. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6710a4.



2.  Individual- and community-level determinants of child immunization in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A multilevel analysis

 Acharya P, Kismul H, Mapatano MA, Hatløy A.

PLoS One. 2018 Aug 23;13(8):e0202742. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202742.




3.  Polio immunity and the impact of mass immunization campaigns in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Voorman A, Hoff NA, Doshi RH, Alfonso V, Mukadi P, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Wemakoy EO, Bwaka A, Weldon W, Gerber S, Rimoin AW.

Vaccine. 2017 Oct 9;35(42):5693-5699. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.08.063. Epub 2017 Sep 4.




4.  Experiences and Lessons From Polio Eradication Applied to Immunization in 10 Focus Countries of the Polio Endgame Strategic Plan.

van den Ent MMVX, Mallya A, Sandhu H, Anya BP, Yusuf N, Ntakibirora M, Hasman A, Fahmy K, Agbor J, Corkum M, Sumaili K, Siddique AR, Bammeke J, Braka F, Andriamihantanirina R, Ziao AC, Djumo C, Yapi MD, Sosler S, Eggers R.

J Infect Dis. 2017 Jul 1;216(suppl_1):S250-S259. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix047.




5.  Progress Toward Containment of Poliovirus Type 2 - Worldwide, 2017.

Previsani N, Singh H, St Pierre J, Boualam L, Fournier-Caruana J, Sutter RW, Zaffran M; MEng.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 Jun 23;66(24):649-652. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6624a5.




6.  Vaccination Coverage and Timelines Among Children 0-6 Months in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Zivich PN, Kiketa L, Kawende B, Lapika B, Yotebieng M.

Matern Child Health J. 2017 May;21(5):1055-1064. doi: 10.1007/s10995-016-2201-z.




7.  Acute flaccid paralysis surveillance indicators in the DemocraticRepublic of Congo during 2008-2014.

Membo HK, Mweene A, Sadeuh-Mba SA, Masumu J, Yogolelo R, Ngendabanyikwa N, Sokolua E, Sagamiko F, Simulundu E, Ahuka S, Muyembe JJ.

Pan Afr Med J. 2016 Jun 22;24:154. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2016.24.154.8747. eCollection 2016.




8.  Winning the battle against the scourge of poliomyelitis in the African Region.

Moeti M.

Vaccine. 2016 Oct 10;34(43):5142-5143. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.05.059. Epub 2016 Aug 27.




9.  Contribution of polio eradication initiative to effective new vaccine introduction in Africa, 2010-2015.

Carole Tevi-Benissan M, Moturi E, Anya BM, Aschalew T, Dicky AB, Nyembo PA, Mbulu LK, Okeibunor J, Mihigo R, Zawaira F.

Vaccine. 2016 Oct 10;34(43):5193-5198. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.05.063. Epub 2016 Jul 5. Review.






  1. Coordination as a best practice from the polio eradication initiative: Experiences from five member states in the African region of the World Health Organization.

Okeibunor J, Nsubuga P, Salla M, Mihigo R, Mkanda P.

Vaccine. 2016 Oct 10;34(43):5203-5207. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.05.066. Epub 2016 Jul 2. Review.




  1. [Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 outbreak in DemocraticRepublic of Congo 2011-2012].

Bazira L, Coulibaly T, Mayenga M, Ncharre C, Yogolelo R, Mbule A, Moudzeo H, Lwamba P, Mulumba AW, Cabore J.

Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2015 Oct;108(4):235-41. doi: 10.1007/s13149-015-0447-4. Epub 2015 Aug 18. French.




  1. Emergence of vaccine-derived polioviruses, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2004-2011.

Gumede N, Lentsoane O, Burns CC, Pallansch M, de Gourville E, Yogolelo R, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Puren A, Schoub BD, Venter M.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Oct;19(10):1583-9.



  1. Factors contributing to outbreaks of wild poliovirus type 1 infection involving persons aged ≥15 years in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2010-2011, informed by a pre-outbreak poliovirus immunity assessment.

Alleman MM, Wannemuehler KA, Weldon WC, Kabuayi JP, Ekofo F, Edidi S, Mulumba A, Mbule A, Ntumbannji RN, Coulibaly T, Abiola N, Mpingulu M, Sidibe K, Oberste MS.

J Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1;210 Suppl 1:S62-73. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiu282.




  1. Improved acute flaccid paralysis surveillance performance in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2010-2012.

Alleman MM, Meyer SA, Mulumba A, Nyembwe M, Riziki Y, Mbule A, Mayenga M, Coulibaly T.

J Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1;210 Suppl 1:S50-61. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit670.




  1. Phylogeny of imported and reestablished wild polioviruses in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 2006 to 2011.

Gumede N, Jorba J, Deshpande J, Pallansch M, Yogolelo R, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Kew O, Venter M, Burns CC.

J Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1;210 Suppl 1:S361-7. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiu375.




  1. Tracking the polio virus down the Congo River: a case study on the use of Google Earth in public health planning and mapping.

Kamadjeu R.

Int J Health Geogr. 2009 Jan 22;8:4. doi: 10.1186/1476-072X-8-4.