Recent Technical Updates pg 205

MALE CIRCUMCISION AND LOWER PREVALENCE OF HPV LESI ...

‘This study suggests that circumcision reduces the prevalence of HPV-associated flat lesions and may ultimately reduce male to female HPV transm ...

ACCELERATING MEASLES CONTROL IN INDIA: THE OPPORT ...

Will the world's most populous democracy do the right thing?INDIAN PEDIATRICS 939 VOLUME 46 Accelerating Measles Control in India: Opportunity and Ob ...

LOW RISK HPV AND MALE CIRCUMCISION IN YOUNG SOUTH ...

    ‘This study shows a reduction in LR-HPV infection among circumcised men.’ Best read at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.g ...

VACCINE PRICE CUTS ANNOUNCED BY WESTERN AND INDIAN ...

This Bloomberg News item on price cuts to GAVI and to 'graduating GAVI' countries. In terms of current GAVI expenditure, the cuts in the cost of penta ...

THE ROLE OF RESEARCH IN VIRAL DISEASE ERADICATION ...

  ‘Summary Points ‘Lessons from the smallpox, poliomyelitis, and measles eradication/elimination initiatives (in particular ...

SOCIAL INEQUALITIES, REGIONAL DISPARITIES AND HEAL ...

‘North African countries have still a long way to go to reduce social inequalities and health inequity at different levels: rural-urban, advanta ...

THE KENYAN HEALTH SYSTEM, VIEWED THROUGH AN EQUITY ...

  'The Kenyan health system is highly inequitable and policies aimed at promoting equity and addressing the needs of the poor and vulnerable hav ...

DOES RECESSION REDUCE GLOBAL HEALTH AID?

‘Any important decrease in overall DAH following the current economic recession would have little historical precedent and claims of inevitabili ...

EFFECT OF DEEP TUBE WELL USE ON CHILDHOOD DIARRHEA ...

‘The introduction of deep tube wells to reduce arsenic in drinking water in rural Bangladesh had the additional benefit of lowering the incidenc ...

PROJECTIONS OF GLOBAL HEALTH OUTCOMES FROM 2005 TO ...

  The base model projects that deaths from communicable diseases (CDs) will decline by 50%, whereas deaths from both non-communicable diseases ( ...

RAINFALL, TEMPERATURE AND CHOLERA INCIDENCE

‘A 1°C increase in temperature at 4 months lag resulted in a 2-fold increase of cholera cases, and an increase of 200 mm of rainfall at 2 mo ...

REFLECTION ON 30 YEARS OF AIDS

'On June 5, 1981, the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), described Pneum ...

LEPROSY ELIMINATION: A REVIEW

‘At present, we lack the tools both to protect people from developing leprosy and to diagnose and treat the disease in its sub-clinical form. Si ...

THE VIEW OVER THE HORIZON IN PUBLIC HEALTH

Writing in the Milbank Quarterly, Hilary Graham asks whether public health should focus on present or on future problems. In the case of the least dev ...

WHAT SERIAL KILLERS AND EPIDEMICS HAVE IN COMMON

Though it's often said that serial killers and diseases strike at random, a new study shows that they both kill victims in a predictable pattern. That ...

SMOKE-FREE HOUSEHOLDS WITH CHILDREN AND DECREASING ...

With No Tobacco Day on 31 May, why not another item on tobacco and kids?  ‘This is the first study to quantify average annual decreases in ...

TWO ON INTERNATIONAL VACCINE PRICING

TWO ON VACCINE PRICING 1)      UNICEF’s recent publication of vaccine prices paid to individual manufacturers, accessi ...

UNDER-5 MORTALITY DUE TO HIV: REGIONAL LEVELS AND ...

‘[I]n 2009, HIV accounted for roughly 2.1% (1.2–3.0%) of under-5 deaths in low- and middle-income countries and 3.6% (2.0–5.0%) in s ...

RAPID IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATED LARGE-SCALE ...

'Through integrated campaigns it is feasible efficiently to cover large proportions of eligible adults in rural underserved communities with multiple ...

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH IN BRAZIL

How many countries have seen their Gini coefficient move from 0.64 to 0.49 in their urban areas? Brazil is proof positive that state intervention can ...

CIRCUMCISED HIV-INFECTED MEN AND HPV TRANSMISSION

‘Male circumcision is important for reduction of not only HIV infection but also HPV infection in HIV-negative men and their female partners. Ho ...

TRENDS IN SELECTIVE ABORTIONS OF GIRLS IN INDIA

'India's 2011 census revealed a growing imbalance between the numbers of girls and boys aged 0—6 years, which we postulate is due to increased p ...

FOUR ON MALARIA BEDNETS

BEDNETS I: WHICH NETS ARE BEING USED ‘[M]ore education about use and care of nets; making nets more resistant to damage; and encouraging net me ...

- - - SAGE REPORT: RUBELLA VACCINATION POLICY/ POL ...

The complete report, in French and English, is at http://www.who.int/wer/2011/wer8621.pdf   SAGE REPORT: RUBELLA VACCINATION POLICY/ POLIO ERAD ...

HIV TREATMENT AS PREVENTION -- IT WORKS

Lancet editorialLast week any doubts around treatment as an approach to halt the spread of the HIV epidemic were allayed. An international study showe ...

WHO WAS ARCHIE COCHRANE? WHY DOES HE MATTER?

In 1979 [Cochrane] wrote, "It is surely a great criticism of our profession that we have not organised a critical summary, by specialty or subspecialt ...

BILL GATES ON THE DECADE OF VACCINES

Here are Bill Gates's remarks on the Decade of Vaccines, given at the World Health Assembly in Geneva last week. Speech to the Sixty-fourth World Hea ...

MEASLES IN THE US: GOING, GOING, NOT GONE

Two items on measles in the US from the Journal of Infectious Diseases. One elephant in the parlor is that measles in the industrialized countries, t ...

SENIOR FELLOWSHIPS IN PUBLIC HEALTH AND TROPICAL M ...

  http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/Funding/Biomedical-science/Funding-schemes/Fellowships/Public-health-and-tropical-medicine/WTD025884.htm?utm_source= ...

LOW USE OF CONTRACEPTION AMONG POOR WOMEN IN AFRIC ...

‘Family planning programmes in sub-Saharan Africa show varying success in reaching all social segments, but inequities persist in all co ...

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